Merestorasi Manusia Kota: Memahami Kota Dalam HUkum Tahun Yobel (Im 25:29-34) Sebagai Sintesis Antara Realitas Dan Utopia
AbstractJubilee Year Law (Lev. 25:8-55) talks about restoring the live of the poor and oppressed among Israelites by handing over the land and the property they had sold before back to them in the Year of Jubilee. However, for the case of properties in a walled city (Lev. 25:29-31), the Law is discriminative to non-Levite Israelites because their properties that had been sold or mortgaged could only be redeemed in term of one year otherwise it would become permanent possession of another person and could not be returned in Jubilee Year. The purpose of this article is to reveal the logical reason why Leviticus 25:29-34 is discriminative and its implication to the life of people living in a city today. For this reason, the author uses a qualitative method with a literature study approach. This article concludes that theological view and demographic reality of that particular time were contradictory that produced contradictory treatment of Jubilee Year Law to both non-Levites and Levites having properties in a walled city as a solution to restore the life of the poor living in cities.
Basturch, Mark W. Understanding Dan: An Exegetical Study of A Biblical City, Tribe, and Ancestor. London: Sheffield Academic Press, 2003.
Bergsma, John S. “Ancient Israelite Economy.” Southwestern Journal of Theology 59, no. 2 (2017): 156–164.
Berquist, Jon L. “Identities and Empire Historiographic Questions for The Deuteronomic History in The Persian Period.” In Historiography and Identity (Re) Formulation in The Second Temple Historiographical Literature, edited by Louis Jonker. New York: T & T Clark, 2010.
Boshoff, W. “New Politics, New Stories, New History: The Chronicler as Historian For A New Generation.” Verbum et Ecclesia 26, no. 1 (2005): 719–720.
Brueggemann, Walter. “The City in Biblical Perspective: Failed and Possible.” Word & World 19, no. 3 (1999): 236–250.
Carrol, Robert P. “City of Chaos, City of Stone, City of Flesh: Urban Scapes in Prophetic Discourses.” In Every City Shall Be Forsaken, edited by Lester L. Grabbed and Robert D. Haak. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001.
Finkelstein, Israel. “Jerusalem in the Persian (and Early Hellenistic) Period and the Wall of Nehemiah.” Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 32, no. 4 (2008): 501–520.
Gerstenberger, Erhard S. Theologies in The Old Testament. London: T&T Clark, 2002.
Houston, Walter. “What ’ S Just About the Jubilee ? Ideological and Ethical.” Studies in Christian Ethics 4, no. 1 (2001): 34–47.
J. Joosteen. People and Land in The Holiness Code: An Exegetical Study of The Ideational Framework of The Law in Leviticus 17-26. New York: E. J. Brill, 1996.
Keel, Othmar. Jerusalem and The One God: A Religius History. Jerusalem and the One God. Augsburg: Augsburg Fortress Publisher, 2017.
Kessler, John. “Reconstructing Haggai’s Jerusalem: Demographic and Sociological Considerations and The Search For An Adequate Methodical Point of Departure.” In Every City Shall Be Forsaken: Urbanism and Prophecy in Ancient Israel and the Near East, edited by Lester L. Grabbed and Robert D. Haak. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001.
Lefebvre, Michael. “Theology and Economics in The Biblical Year of Jubilee.” Bulletin of Ecclesial Theology 2, no. 1 (2015): 31–51.
Leuchter, Mark. “Coming to Terms with Ezra’s Many Identities in Ezra-Nehemia.” In Historiography and Identity (Re) Formulation in The Second Temple Historiographical Literature, edited by Louis Jonker. New York: T & T Clark, 2010.
Mtshiselwa, Ndikho. “Mind the Working-Class People! An African Reading of Leviticus 25:8-55 with Latino/a Critical Tools.” Old Testament Essays 29, no. 1 (2016): 133–150.
Nefszger, Ben D. “The Sociology of Pre Industrial Cities.” In Every City Shall Be Forsaken, edited by Robert D. Grabbed, Lester L. & Haak, 2001.
Nihan, Christophe. From Priestly Torah to Pentateuch: A Study in The Book of Leviticus. Tubingen: Mohr Siebec, 2007.
Peers, Michael. “Poking Around in the Biblical City.” Sewanee Theological Review 46, no. 4 (2003).
Wright, ChristopherJ. H. “Theology of Jubilee: Biblical, Social and Ethical Perspectives.” Ert 41, no. 1 (2017): 6–30.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 David Pardomuan Sitompul
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.Setiap naskah yang diterima harus menyertakan "" sebelum penerbitan artikel.
Caraka (Jurnal Teologi Biblika dan Praktika) by https://ojs.sttibc.org/index.php/ibc/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.